Suicides And Depression In India

Suicide in India is a problem on its own. Around 1,35,000 suicides occur in India every year. Some of the leading causes of suicide in India are family related issues (20%) and illness (17%). This is followed by marriage related issues (4%), love affairs (3%) and drug abuse/overdose/addiction (2.5%) as per the Open Government Data (OGD) Platform.

The funny thing about suicide in India was that until 2014, suicide was illegal. An attempt was also punishable by imprisonment for up to one year under Section 309 of the Indian Penal Code. Mental disorders were included in this list as well. Only recently did we pass the Mental Health Care Bill in 2016 to facilitate proper health care treatment. This Bill also ensures the rights of mentally ill people, rehabilitation of mentally ill people and decriminalizing suicides in India.

The Afterlife: Is It Really Worth It?

In all honesty, no. It’s not worth it, whatever be the reason. In India, the leading cause of suicides is family related issues which aren’t a surprise. With over half the Indian population coming from rural India, most families follow traditional and orthodox lifestyles with respect to marriage, joint-family circles, etc. Only recently have we seen an influx of rural and urban India with traditional India integrating with digital urban India. Sometimes, a progressive mind is shut down by family members with respect to the choice of education, the choice of partner, the choice of profession, etc.

Depression – A State Of Mind Apparently

Depression is a myth to a majority of the Indian population, yet 5% of India is afflicted with depression. Most parents and peers fail to recognize the signs and symptoms of depression to effectively tackle the problem instead of ‘letting it just be’. Depression is a disorder that lasts in an individual for at least 2 years. Not too many people talk about it either. The concept and relevance of counseling and therapy in India are relatively new, although it does help and most people need to see it that way. If you’re sick, you’d go to a doctor, in the same way, if you’re mentally ill, then you visit a psychologist or psychiatrist. Statistically, we have just under 4000 psychiatrists for over 56 million Indians suffering from depression.

Life > Exams

As Indians, most students would have grown up with the constant pressure of becoming a high achiever and doing well in the examination. As a result, most parents start with this pressure when a kid is still a kid. The growth spurt of coaching classes over the last two decades is a prime example of how important it is to do well in competitive examinations.

Kota is a known capital for competitive exam coaching for IIT, JEE, and NEET in India. Many students have committed suicide in Kota under the pressure and stress of failure. The hostel students resorted to committing suicide by hanging from their hostel ceiling fan. The solutions listed out by the hostel association to curb student suicides was installing fans with springs, installing wall fans instead of ceiling fans and alarms in the fans to notify authorities of a suicide attempt. As always, instead of prevention, the authorities just don’t want a suicide happening on campus.

Suicide Hotline Numbers and Apps

Here is a list of hotline numbers that can help people struggling with depression and suicidal thoughts. Please look out for help, confide in a friend and live.

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